Socrates - Comenius 1: 
School Project “We are all living under the same sky”


Modern development of the state

Czechoslovakia was established on 28 October 1918. After the fall of Austria-Hungary it consisted of Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, Slovakia and Sub-Carpathian (Ukraine).

On 29 September 1938 we had to relinquished our border area “Sudets” (inhabited predominantly by German) to Germany on the basis of Munich Agreement. After some time some smaller parts of the territory were relinquished to Poland and Hungary as well.

On 14 March 1939 Slovakia as an independent state was declared and one day later – 15 March 1939 protectorate Bohemia and Moravia was established on the remained area.

After the end of World War II, on 9 May 1945, the re-establishment of Czechoslovakia took place. On 29 June 1945 Sub-Carpathian (Ukraine) was annexed to the Soviet Union on the basis of referendum.

In 1960 the name “Czechoslovakia” was renamed “Czechoslovakian Socialist Republic”, in 1990 “Czech and Slovak Federative Republic”. On 1 January 1993 the country split-up into two separate countries – the Czech republic and Slovak Republic.